Computer forensics is mainly the breakdown of information created and contained in computer systems to gather material that can be forwarded as enough proof in courts of law. Computer forensics regularly includes a follow on electronic discovery procedure and follows a consistent set of processes to pull out a chain of evidence that can conclude the occurrence of an incident and the responsible parties.
There are several techniques and applications used by computer forensics experts to examine hard drives in search of concealed folders and unallocated disk space, plus checking copies of deleted or damaged files. Computer forensics has unavoidably become an obligatory tool due to the surrounding crime levels.
Recovering stolen or tampered data when solving a murder case or unraveling financial fraud is what computer forensic investigators work on to deliver the extracted info from the computer or electronic devices. In cases of medical malpractice or negligence, computer forensics is applied to seek proof. On regards to the outcome, justice is awarded to the victims of the incidence.
Divorce and child custody cases also require relevant information extracted from computers and other computing devices, to retrieve tampered or stolen data. It means computer forensic investigation help in the process of such cases. Such information can exhibit a guardian or parent’s lack of responsibility or can disclose information validating a spouse’s infidelity. The forensic team forwards this information to the courts to change the course of a trial.
Children today are substantially exposed to the internet and easily fall victims of any possible of internet crime. For this reason, computer forensics has been a great benefit to parents who wish to monitor their children’s activities. This way, parents ensure their children are not victims of predators or involved in any unsocial activist groups.
Implementation of the electronic discovery procedure can also uncover critical evidence in corporate proceedings. Organizations are also victims of internal traitors who interfere and tamper with their valuable data, leading to significant losses.
Computer forensics analysts carry out various levels of investigation which include:
Preservation- it is the initial stage of the preservation of original data is the answer to correct analysis. In this stage, a forensic copy of an original item is made then examined while being compared to the original.
Identification- once the incidence has occurred, the first step is to identify various components in areas such as hard drives, CDs, files and other databases. Evaluate the processing of performing data recovery services and forensic examinations. They conduct keyword searches for relevant information.
Interpretation- this is a crucial phase that involves locating evidence and with the ability to interpret it accurately to determine the results of the investigation procedure. Misinterpreted analyses have sealed the fate of many legal cases. High level of expertise in required in this stage as one misstep could make all the difference.
Extraction- this is the stage where the computer forensic team extracts data from working media and stores it in another form of media.
Documentation- the stage involves documentation maintenance from the beginning of the case through its closing stages. Courts can conduct tests to authenticate the methods used by experts to establish the reliability and relevance of evidence. Courts can question the legal measures that were carried out; this includes the integrity of the proof produced, any legal or administrative proceeding and the reporting system.
Electronic discovery is the rising action in the legal war that delivers accurate and justified results as experts can now investigate any crime from individual to corporate matters. Computer forensics is becoming more popular making it be one of the most highly praised and desirable professions today!